“Hoy Emilio, nasaan na mga buto?” (Hey Emilio [Aguinaldo], where are the bones?)
This was the question in our minds when we decided to do our Museum-A-Month tour before Bonifacio Day, which is on November 30. We actually did this to commemorate our war hero, Andres Bonifacio. The Museo ng Katipunan, lies in the heart of the City of San Juan, where we both live. The museum contains a few relics and a few replicas of what was used in the Katipunan a long time ago.
I hope the San Juan City government can maintain this, so students and people of all ages can go and visit.
Often called the Father of the Philippine Revolution, Andres Bonifacio was a founder and later became Supremo of the Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or more popularly called Katipunan which fought against the Spaniards for Philippine Independence.
Anting-anting (Lucky Charm) is a Filipino system of magic and sorcery with special use of the talismans, amulets, and charms. They can be in the form of some medals, stones or items with religious images and Latin relics (as shown below). Filipinos, back in the day, use it for protection, divine providence and instant salvation. At present, you can still buy some from the vendors in Quiapo, Manila.
Sanduguan or Blood Compact was an ancient ritual in the Philippines intended to seal a friendship or treaty, or to validate an agreement. The contracting parties would cut their wrists and pour their blood into a cup filled with liquid, such as wine, and drink the mixture. As the final rite of the Katipunan, a neophyte member must sign the oath with blood taken from his arm, and then will be accepted as an official member.
Gregoria de Jesus, the wife of Andres Bonifacio, created the first flag of Katipunan – a simple red flag bearing the acronym KKK, which means Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (“Highest and Most Honorable Society of the Children of the Nation”).
Cedulas replaced the tribute system and were issued to indios after payment of residence tax. People were required to bring their cedulas at all times or risk being declared “indocumentado.”
Museo ng Katipunan
Pinaglabanan Memorial Shrine, Pinaglabanan St., San Juan City
(632) 576-4336 or (632) 385-5896
Museum Hours: Tuesdays-Sundays, 8am to 4pm
Free, but a small donation will do.